The First Diplomatic Mission Abroad In Chinese History

The Chinese Embassy in the United Kingdom (formerly the embassy) was established in 1877 and was the first diplomatic office abroad in Chinese history.

After the Opium War, Britain further intensified its plunder of China. Following the occupation of Burma, Britain’s interest in Southwest China increased, and it sought to open the door to Southwest China and open a passage from Myanmar through Yunnan to the Chinese mainland. In 1874, a British organization headed by Bai Lang, a more than 200-person detection team, entered Yunnan from Myanmar to ascertain the traffic conditions on the land of Yunnan and Burma. To this end, the British Minister in China, Wetoma, sent a translator, Ma Jiali, to the China-Myanmar border to greet him. Ma Jia set out for Shanghai, passing through Hubei, Hunan, Guizhou, and Yunnan. He arrived in Myanmar’s Bhamo on January 17, 1875, and joined the detection team. On the 19th, Ma Jiali brought the team into Yunnan. On the 22nd, on the way to Tengyue, he clashed with the local people. Ma Jiali was shot dead, and Bai Lang and other people were forced to return to Ba Mo. This is the sensational “Margaret Case,” also known as the “Dian Case.” The occurrence of this case has promoted the process of the Qing government to set up diplomatic agencies abroad.

After the incident, Britain took the opportunity to make a fuss, pressuring, and extorting the Qing government, and expanding its interest in aggression in China. Under the pressure of the British government, the Qing government was forced to sign the unequal treaty on the “Margaret case” on September 13, 1876, the Sino-British Yantai Treaty. The “Yantai Treaty” is divided into three parts and 16 clauses. One of them is that China pays 200,000 silver to compensate the family members of the victims and the expenses required by the United Kingdom to handle the “Margary case.” Apologize in person. The Qing government was forced by British pressure. On the other hand, considering the need for foreign exchanges, it decided to send an advocate of foreign affairs reform and was known as a master of foreign affairs. At that time, Guo Songyu, a Fujian prosecutor, went to Britain to “apology” and served as minister, and appointed Liu Xihong As deputy.

On December 2, 1876, Guo Songdi brought his wife Liang and his deputy ambassador Liu Xihong, counselor Li Yichang, translator Feng Yi, Deming, Maghry (British, this person was later promoted to the counselor of the Chinese Embassy in Britain and was seized by Queen Victoria As a jazz, he was the mastermind of planning the Chinese embassy to trap Sun Yat-sen in 1896. He and more than 30 people set off on a ship in Shanghai. He arrived in Southampton, a southern British port city on January 21, 1877, and then took a train to London. Prior to the arrival of Guo Songzhang and his party in England, King Tenggan, the Scot, then the director of the Chinese Customs Office in London, had rented 49 Portland Street. When Guo and his party arrived in London, they stayed in this five-story building built 100 years ago. On February 7th, Guo Songdi met Queen Victoria, formally apologized for the Margaree case, and submitted the Guoshu, becoming China’s first diplomatic envoy abroad for three years and two months. Portland Avenue 49 has since become the first Chinese diplomatic mission abroad in China’s history-the Chinese Embassy (later changed to an embassy) and has been in use ever since.…